Qué es el Cognac - Licores Medellín

What is Cognac


What is cognac?

Cognac is a type of brandy that is produced specifically in the Cognac region of France. It is a distilled liquor made from white grapes, mainly the Ugni Blanc, Folle Blanche and Colombard varieties.

How is Cognac made?

The cognac production process is quite elaborate and governed by strict regulations. First, the grapes are harvested and pressed to obtain the must, which is then fermented to convert the sugars into alcohol. Unlike other brandies, in the case of cognac, fermentation is carried out without the addition of sugars or acids.

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After fermentation, the resulting wine is distilled in copper stills. The distillation is carried out in two stages: the first distillation produces a liquid called "brouillis" and, in the second distillation, the "esprit de chauffe" is obtained. Esprit de chauffe has a high alcohol concentration and an aromatic richness that makes it ideal for aging.

The next crucial step is aging. Cognac is aged in oak barrels for a minimum period of two years, although many premium cognacs are aged for much longer periods, even decades. During aging, cognac acquires its characteristic flavors and aromas through interaction with oak wood and slow oxidation.

What does Cognac taste like?

In terms of flavor, cognac is characterized by its complexity and soft fruity notes. Fruit flavors such as apricot, peach, plum, orange and raisin may appear, along with nuances of vanilla, caramel, spices and wood notes from the barrel. It can be said that it is a Brandy with Class.

Why is Cognac more expensive?

The reason why cognac is so expensive lies in several factors. Firstly, its production is limited to the Cognac region of France, meaning that only producers in that area can use the PDO (Protected Designation of Origin) “cognac” designation. This creates a regional monopoly and reduces supply.

Furthermore, the cognac production process requires time and patience. Prolonged aging in oak barrels adds value to the final product. The most expensive cognacs are usually those that have been aged for extended periods and come from cognac houses with an established reputation.

Demand also plays an important role in the price of cognac. It is considered a premium liquor and is associated with luxury and sophistication, which increases its appeal to consumers willing to pay more for a unique experience.

Is Cognac the same as Brandy?

Cognac and brandy are spirits distilled from wine, but they differ in their geographical origin, with cognac being produced exclusively in the Cognac region of France, and brandy made in different parts of the world. Additionally, cognac is distilled twice in copper stills, uses primarily white grapes, and must age in oak barrels for at least two years, while brandy may have more flexible distillation methods and aging requirements, depending on its origin and local regulations.

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